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Pancreatitis is a condition that can be caused by gallstones, alcohol abuse or trauma. The pancreas is an organ in the body where enzymes are made and secretions of bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid are released. An infection in the pancreas can cause pancreatitis which usually lasts for less than two weeks but sometimes may be chronic. Acute pancreatitis is when there has been recent damage to the gland from either gallstones or alcohol abuse or trauma. A nurse should monitor laboratory values such as amylase, lipase, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels if they suspect acute pancreatitis because these levels will be elevated. The nurse should also monitor the client’s vital signs and blood pressure, weight, level of pain on a scale from one to ten. The client may experience nausea, vomiting or difficulty swallowing with acute pancreatitis. They may not feel hungry because they might have an upset stomach or abdominal cramps and diarrhea which can lead to dehydration if left untreated. A physician might give IV fluids as well as prescribe medications for pain relief such as aspirin; morphine sulphate; codeine phosphate; fentanyl citrate tablets/nasal spray: oxycodone hydrochloride (Oxycontin); hydrocodone bitartrate/apap (Vicoprofen) acetaminophen (Tylenol). If there


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